First Street Confidential

 


THIS DAY IN HISTORY - JANUARY 21st

Thomas Paine, Quote

“I could never divide myself from any man upon the difference of an opinion, or be angry with his judgement for not agreeing with me in that, from which perhaps within a few days I should dissent myself.”

~ Thomas Paine

Wikiquote (Thomas Paine (January 29, 1737 – June 8, 1809) was an English-American political writer, theorist, and activist who had a great influence on the thoughts and ideas which led to the American Revolution and the United States Declaration of Independence.)

This Day in History

January 21st, 1861

Lincoln Memorial: an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln - located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. across from the Washington Monument American Civil War: Battle of Antietam; Stone Bridge at Antietam Battlefield - Sharpsburg, Maryland American Civil War, Battle of Mobile Bay: at Mobile Bay near Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports

American Civil War:
1861 - Jefferson Davis resigns from the United States Senate.

Wikipedia  Image: ● Lincoln Memorial; an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln - located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. across from the Washington Monument.
● The northern army led by George McClellan and the southern army led by Robert E. Lee met at Antietam Creek, Maryland in September, 1862. It was a bloody battle where 13,000 Confederates and 12,000 Union troops died in just one day. McClellan had hesitated to attack before the battle thus letting the southern troops regroup. Also, he had saved reserves and refused to use them at the end of the battle thinking that Lee was holding reserves for a counterattack, even though those reserves didn't exist. The Union victory stopped Lee's northward advance and was a turning point in the war.
Battle of Antietam / Stone Bridge at Antietam Battlefield - Sharpsburg, Maryland
Battle of Mobile Bay (1890) by Xanthus Russell Smith.
Although photography was still in its infancy, war correspondents produced thousands of images, bringing the harsh realities of the frontlines to those on the home front in a new and visceral way. The Atlantic.


January 21st, 1864

Maori Wars: Invasion of the Waikato; British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their invasion

Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign begins.

Wikipedia  Image: Rewi Manga Maniapoto (died 1894) was a Waikato chief who led Maori forces during the British Invasion of Waikato during the New Zealand Wars; Satellite image of New Zealand, NASA's Visible Earth; Bay of Islands.


January 21st, 1887

Austrlian satellite; Whole Earth, satellite image, credit Science Photo Library

465 millimetres (18.3 in) of rain falls in Brisbane, a record for any Australian capital city.

Wikipedia  Image: Austrlian satellite; Whole Earth, satellite image, credit Science Photo Library.


January 21st, 1899

Opel Admiral convertible (1937–1939); Opel Eco Speedster

Opel manufactures its first automobile.

Wikipedia  Photo: Opel Admiral convertible (1937–1939); Opel Eco Speedster.


January 21st, 1908

The Sullivan Ordinance was a municipal law passed on January 21, 1908, in New York City by the board of aldermen, barring women from smoking in public (The ordinance was quickly enforced, with Katie Mulcahey arrested on January 22, but was vetoed by the Mayor, George Brinton McClellan, Jr., only two weeks later)

New York City passes the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, only to have the measure vetoed by the mayor..

Wikipedia  Photo: The Sullivan Ordinance was a municipal law passed on January 21, 1908, in New York City by the board of aldermen, barring women from smoking in public. The ordinance was quickly enforced, with Katie Mulcahey arrested on January 22, but was vetoed by the Mayor, George Brinton McClellan, Jr., only two weeks later.


January 21st, 1911

Monte Carlo Rally: Jean-Marie Cuoq driving his Peugeot 307 WRC and Jari-Matti Latvala driving his Ford Focus RS WRC 07 on a road section during the 2008 Monte Carlo Rally

The first Monte Carlo Rally takes place.

Wikipedia  Photo: Monte Carlo Rally; Jean-Marie Cuoq driving his Peugeot 307 WRC and Jari-Matti Latvala driving his Ford Focus RS WRC 07 on a road section during the 2008 Monte Carlo Rally. source Flickr


January 21st, 1919

British troops in Dublin City 1920's during the Irish War of Independence; Not everyone was a separatist in Ireland in 1919. Here the Union Jack flies over Trinity College at the Victory Parade for the First World War in Dublin; It believe the story behind the headlinesin the photo was with the shooting by members of Michael Collins squad of a high-ranking official of the G. N. R. (The Great Northern Railway) on the Southside of Dublin

Irish War of Independence:
1919 - Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopts Ireland's first constitution.

Wikipedia  Photo: British troops in Dublin City 1920's during the Irish War of Independence; Not everyone was a separatist in Ireland in 1919. Here the Union Jack flies over Trinity College at the Victory Parade for the First World War in Dublin; It believe the story behind the headlinesin the photo was with the shooting by members of Michael Collins squad of a high-ranking official of the G. N. R. (The Great Northern Railway) on the Southside of Dublin.


January 21st, 1925

Albania (Republic of Albania), is a country in Southeastern Europe with coasts on the Adriatic Sea to the west, and on the Ionian Sea, three of the largest and deepest tectonic lakes, and the Albanian Alps cover the northern part of the country

Albania declares itself a republic.

Wikipedia  Photo: Albania (Republic of Albania), is a country in Southeastern Europe with coasts on the Adriatic Sea to the west, and on the Ionian Sea, three of the largest and deepest tectonic lakes, and the Albanian Alps cover the northern part of the country.


January 21st, 1941

World War II, The Holocaust

World War II: Holocaust;
1941 - Sparked by the murder of a Nazi officer in Bucharest, Romania, the day before, members of the Iron Guard engage in a rebellion and pogrom.

Wikipedia  Photo: World War II, The Holocaust. Sources: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum USHMM, History 1900s, Internet Masters of Education Technology IMET, Techno Friends, Veterans Today, Concern.


January 21st, 1968

Vietnam War: Operation Swift; U.S. Marines engage the North Vietnamese in battle in the Que Son Valley Vietnam War: Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

Vietnam War:
1968 - Battle of Khe Sanh One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.
1968 - A B-52 Stratofortress crashes near Thule Air Base, contaminating the area after its nuclear payload ruptures. One of the four bombs remains unaccounted for after the cleanup operation is complete.
1977 - United States President Jimmy Carter pardons nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders, some of whom had emigrated to Canada.

Wikipedia  Photo: Vietnam_War; Side view of an HH-53 helicopter of the 40th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron as seen from the gunner's position on an A-1 of the 21st Specialist Operations Squadron. (USAF Photo by Ken Hackman), Boston Globe;
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, credit Free Republic;
Vietnam War: The Big Picture / Boston Globe.


January 21st, 1976

Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time

Commercial service of Concorde begins with the London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.

Wikipedia  Photo: Concorde, one of the wonders of the modern technical world, the first commercially successful airliner capable of speeds in excess of Mach 2 (twice the speed of sound) credit Heritage Concorde


January 21st, 1985

Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981

The inauguration of United States President Ronald Reagan to a second term, already postponed a day because January 20 fell on a Sunday, becomes the second inauguration in history moved indoors because of freezing temperatures and high winds. The parade is cancelled altogether.

Wikipedia  Photo: Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981


January 21st, 2003

Global Earthquake epicenters

Earthquake:
2003 - Colima earthquake(2003); A 7.6 magnitude earthquake strikes the Mexican state of Colima, killing 29 and leaving approximately 10,000 people homeless.

Wikipedia  Image: Preliminary Determination of Epicenters / Aleppo Syria; Anchorage, Alaska - March 28, 1964 Prince William Sound USA earthquake and tsunami; 8.9 Mega Earthquake Strikes Japan; Tsunami Swirls Japan's Ibaraki Prefecture March 12 2011. credit NOAA / NGDC, NOAA National Geophysical Data Center, USGS, National Geographics.


January 21st, 2004

Spirit, a NASA Mars rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC

NASA's MER-A (the Mars Rover Spirit) ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies in the management of its flash memory and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6.

Wikipedia  Image: NASA Mars Rover, 2012.


January 21st, 2008

Spirit, a NASA Mars rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC

Great Recession (2008) - Black Monday: in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since September 11, 2001, and Asian stocks drop as much as 14%.

Wikipedia  Image: Black Monday; World map showing real GDP growth rates for 2009. ● Political cartoons - Soon it will hatch into a beautiful baby Recession (MBJ, The Epoch Times) ● Stimulous Package (John Darkow).


January 21st, 2017

Over 400 cities across America and 160+ countries worldwide participate in a large-scale women's march, on Donald Trump's first full day as president of the United States.

2017 Women's March; Over 400 cities across America and 160+ countries worldwide participate in a large-scale women's march, on Donald Trump's first full day as President of the United States.

Wikipedia  Image: 2017 Women's March: Timothy Fadek, WIRED / Ruth Fremson, The New York Times / Irfan Khan, Los Angeles Times.