First Street Confidential

 


THIS DAY IN HISTORY - MAY 6th

This Day in History

May 6th, 1536

The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed August 24th, 1456

King Henry VIII orders English language Bibles be placed in every church.

Wikipedia  Image: A statue of Gutenberg is superimposed on the bible he created.


May 6th, 1536

Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed

Siege of Cuzco: Incan forces attempt to retake the city of Cuzco from the Spanish.

Wikipedia  Image: Francisco Pizarro, Governor of New Castile; Map, The Conquest of Peru, 1531 - 1533; Pizarro Seizing the Inca of Peru Millais, John Everett


May 6th, 1659

English Civil War: (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (Roundheads) and Royalists (Cavaliers)

English Civil War:
1659 - English Restoration; A faction of the British Army removes Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth and reinstalls the Rump Parliament.

Wikipedia  Painting: English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (Roundheads) and Royalists (Cavaliers);
John Milton publishes Areopagitica; Battle of Naseby, victory of the Parliamentarian New Model Army; Battle of Marston Moor, 1644; "Cromwell at Dunbar", by Andrew Carrick Gow; Oliver Cromwell; King Charles I, painted by Van Dyck; "And when did you last see your father?" by William Frederick Yeames.


May 6th, 1682

Palace of Versailles: When the château was built, Versailles was a country village; today, however, it is a suburb of Paris, some 20 kilometres southwest of the French capital.

Louis XIV of France moves his court to the Palace of Versailles.

Wikipedia  Photo: Palace of Versailles; The interior court of the Palace of Versailles ● Palace gardens ● The Grand Trianon Castle Interiors ● Hall of Mirrors. Palace of Versailles: When the château was built, Versailles was a country village; today, however, it is a suburb of Paris, some 20 kilometres southwest of the French capital.


May 6th, 1757

Seven Years' War: was a world war that took place between 1756 and 1763. It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines. Seven Year's War: Battle of Lagos; Naval battle between Britain and France

Seven Years' War:
1757 - Battle of Prague; A Prussian army fights an Austrian army in Prague.

Wikipedia  Painting: The Death of General Wolfe (1771) by Benjamin West, depicting the Battle of the Plains of Abraham; Battle of Hochkirch; Battle of Minorca of May 20, 1756, shortly after the French landing on Minorca; Siege of Kolberg (1761); Leibgarde battalion at Kolin, 1757; Battle of Zorndorf in August 1758 where Russian and Prussian armies suffered heavy casualties and both claimed a victory. Battle of Lagos, by Théodore Gudin.


May 6th, 1757

Burma (Myanmar) is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by India, Bangladesh, China, Laos and Thailand

Konbaung-Hanthawaddy War: ends, and ends the Burmese Civil War (1740–1757).

Wikipedia  Photo: Burma: ● Topographic map and location of Burma ● Temples at Mrauk U ● Pagodas and temples in present-day Pagan (Bagan), the capital of the Pagan Kingdom ● Stilt houses at Lake Inle, Burma ● Mae La camp or Burmese refugees, Tak, Thailand


May 6th, 1801

Napoleonic Wars: (1803–15) were a series of wars declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions French Revolutionary Wars, Battle of the Nile (Battle of Aboukir Bay): Battle begins when a British fleet engages the French Revolutionary Navy fleet in an unusual night action

French Revolutionary Wars / Napoleonic Wars:
1801 - Action of 6 May 1801; Captain Thomas Cochrane in the 14-gun HMS Speedy captures the 32-gun Spanish frigate El Gamo.

Wikipedia  Painting: Battle of Trafalgar: The British HMS Sandwich fires to the French flagship Bucentaure (completely dismasted) in the battle of Trafalgar; Napoleon in Berlin (Meynier). After defeating Prussian forces at Jena, the French Army entered Berlin on 27 October 1806; Battle of the Bridge of Arcole Napoleon Bonaparte leading his troops over the bridge of Arcole, by Horace Vernet; Napoleon as King of Italy (Appiani); Napoleon Crossing the Alps (David). In 1800 Bonaparte took the French Army across the Alps, eventually defeating the Austrians at Marengo; Charge of the Russian Imperial Guard cavalry against French cuirassiers at the Battle of Friedland, 14 June 1807; Battle of Borodino as depicted by Louis Lejeune. The battle was the largest and bloodiest single-day action of the Napoleonic Wars; Napoleon's withdrawal from Russia, a painting by Adolph Northen; Wellington at Waterloo by Robert Alexander Hillingford; Napoleon is often represented in his green colonel uniform of the Chasseur à Cheval, with a large bicorne and a hand-in-waistcoat gesture.
Battle of the Nile (Battle of Aboukir Bay).


May 6th, 1844

The Glaciarium, the world's first mechanically frozen ice rink, opens on May 6th, 1844

The Glaciarium, the world's first mechanically frozen ice rink, opens.

Wikipedia  Photo: Canada Square Ice Rink, credit Father of Spider Cat, Flickr.


May 6th, 1861

Lincoln Memorial: an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln - located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. across from the Washington Monument American Civil War: Battle of Antietam; Stone Bridge at Antietam Battlefield - Sharpsburg, Maryland American Civil War: American Civil War: First Battle Between Ironclads; CSS Virginia/Merrimac (left) vs. USS Monitor, in 1862 at the Battle of Hampton Roads

American Civil War:
1861 - Arkansas secedes from the Union retreat.
1861 - Richmond, Virginia; is declared the new capital of the Confederate States of America.
1863 - Battle of Chancellorsville; ends with the defeat of the Army of the Potomac by Confederate troops.

Wikipedia  Image: ● Lincoln Memorial; an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln - located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. across from the Washington Monument.
● The northern army led by George McClellan and the southern army led by Robert E. Lee met at Antietam Creek, Maryland in September, 1862. It was a bloody battle where 13,000 Confederates and 12,000 Union troops died in just one day. McClellan had hesitated to attack before the battle thus letting the southern troops regroup. Also, he had saved reserves and refused to use them at the end of the battle thinking that Lee was holding reserves for a counterattack, even though those reserves didn't exist. The Union victory stopped Lee's northward advance and was a turning point in the war. ● Battle of Antietam / Stone Bridge at Antietam Battlefield - Sharpsburg, Maryland
● First Battle Between Ironclads: CSS Virginia/Merrimac (left) vs. USS Monitor, in 1862 at the Battle of Hampton Roads.
Although photography was still in its infancy, war correspondents produced thousands of images, bringing the harsh realities of the frontlines to those on the home front in a new and visceral way. The Atlantic.


May 6th, 1877

American Indians collage

American Indian Wars:
1877 - Chief Crazy Horse of the Oglala Sioux surrenders to United States troops in Nebraska.

Wikipedia  Photos: American Indians - Chief Crazy Horse, Tashunca-uitco (1849 - 1877) ● Geronimo Apache Chief (1829 - 1909) ● Indian Chief 'Two Eagles'; Crow Indian Chief ● Snake Cheif ● Band of Chiricahua Apache Indians, followers of legendary renegade Geronimo, attending a peace negotiation after a long struggle against U.S. government attempts to force them onto reservations - Tombstone, Arizona (1886), Life Magazine ● American Horse - Oglala ● Native American Arapaho Indian ● Washakie, Shoshone leader ● Arapaho American Indian Chief.


May 6th, 1889

Eiffel tower, Paris, France, Fisheye - HDR, credit Erlend Robaye, Getty Images

The Eiffel Tower is officially opened to the public at the Universal Exposition in Paris.

Wikipedia  Photo: Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, Fisheye - HDR, credit Erlend Robaye, Getty Images.


May 6th, 1935

Great Depression: After a steady decline in stock market prices since a peak in September, the New York Stock Exchange begins to show signs of panic

Great Depression: New Deal; Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration..

Wikipedia  Photo: Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother depicts destitute pea pickers in California, centering on Florence Owens Thompson, age 32, a mother of seven children, in Nipomo, California, March 1936; Bud Fields and his family. Alabama. 1935 or 1936. Photographer: Walker Evans; Unemployed men vying for jobs at the American Legion Employment Bureau in Los Angeles during the Great Depression.


May 6th, 1937

The Hindenburg bursts into blames above Lakehurst, New Jersey, on May 6, 1937. credit: Popperfoto, Getty Images.

Hindenburg disaster: The German zeppelin Hindenburg catches fire and is destroyed within a minute while attempting to dock at Lakehurst, New Jersey.

Hindenburg Explodes (1937)

Archive.org (Footage from Castle and Pathé coverage of the Hindenburg disaster at Lakehurst. Also shots of the big ships over New York)

Hindenburg Disaster Real Footage (1937) [HD]

You Tube (Hindenburg Disaster Real Footage (1937) [HD]. Footage of the Nazi airship catching fire, crashing and burning to the ground.)

Wikipedia  Painting: The Hindenburg bursts into blames above Lakehurst, New Jersey, on May 6, 1937. credit: Popperfoto, Getty Images.


May 6th, 1941

Bob Hope and Jerry Colonna; 1940 NBC, NBC Photo Service ● Bob and Dolores Hope ● Bob Hope Collection, Jack Benny and Bob Hope 1940; Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division (89C.2) ● Bob Hope USO Show - Fritzlar, Germany (Hesse) July 26, 1945 - Gale Robbins on stage with Bob Hope ● 1950 Mr Korea, Bob Hope USO Show at Seoul (Audience reaction to the Bob Hope show at Seoul, Korea. October 23, 1950. Capt. Bloomquist. (Army) NARA FILE # 111-SC-351580. (Department of Defense Photo))

California's March Field: Bob Hope performs his first USO show.

Wikipedia  Photo: Bob Hope and Jerry Colonna; 1940 NBC, NBC Photo Service ● Bob and Dolores Hope ● Bob Hope Collection, Jack Benny and Bob Hope 1940; Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division (89C.2) ● Bob Hope USO Show - Fritzlar, Germany (Hesse) July 26, 1945 - Gale Robbins on stage with Bob Hope ● 1950 Mr Korea, Bob Hope USO Show at Seoul (Audience reaction to the Bob Hope show at Seoul, Korea. October 23, 1950. Capt. Bloomquist. (Army) NARA FILE # 111-SC-351580. (Department of Defense Photo)).


May 6th, 1941

World War II: Second firestorm raid on Germany, the Royal Air Force conducts an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless World War II: Battle of Leyte Gulf; Battle of Leyte Gulf; The first kamikaze attack: A Japanese plane carrying a 200-kilogram (440 lb) bomb attacks HMAS Australia off Leyte Island World War II: German V1 flying-bomb and V2 Rockets - Preparations for a Salvo Launch of V-2 Rockets in the Heidelager near Blizna (Poland) (1944) World War II: Eastern Front (World War II); was a theatre of World War II between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland, and some other Allies which encompassed Northern, Southern and Eastern Europe from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945

World War II:
1941 - The first flight of the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt.
1942 - Battle of Corregidor; On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.
1945 - Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops.
1945 - Eastern Front; Prague Offensive - the last major battle of the Eastern Front, begins.

Wikipedia  Photo: Bombing of Dresden in World War II; August Schreitmüller's sculpture 'Goodness' surveys Dresden after a firestorm started by Allied bombers in 1945.
USS Bunker Hill was hit by kamikazes piloted by Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa and another airman on 11 May 1945. 389 personnel were killed or missing from a crew of 2,600; Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, who flew his aircraft into the USS Bunker Hill during a Kamikaze mission on 11 May 1945; Kamikaze Missions - Lt Yoshinori Yamaguchi's Yokosuka D4Y3 (Type 33 Suisei) "Judy" in a suicide dive against USS Essex. The dive brakes are extended and the non-self-sealing port wing tank is trailing fuel vapor and/or smoke 25 November 1944.
German V1 flying-bomb and V2 Rockets - Preparations for a Salvo Launch of V-2 Rockets in the Heidelager near Blizna (Poland) (1944), credit German History in Documents and Images GHDI.

Eastern Front (World War II); Germans race towards Stalingrad. August 1942; Soviet children during a German air raid in the first days of the war, June 1941, by RIA Novosti archive; Soviet sniper Roza Shanina in 1944. About 400,000 Soviet women served in front-line duty units Caucasus Mountains, winter 1942/43; Finnish ski patrol: the invisible enemy of the Soviet Army with an unlimited supply of skis; Men of the German Engineers Corps cross a river which is swollen after the first autumn rains, to strengthen bridges linking the German positions on the central front in Russia. by Keystone / Getty Images. October 1942; Russian snipers fighting on the Leningrad front during a blizzard. Photo by Hulton Archive / Getty Images, 1943; German soldiers surrendering to the Russians in Stalingrad, the soldier holding the white flag of surrender is dressed in white so that there could be no doubt of his intentions, a Russian soldier is on the right of the photograph. by Keystone / Getty Images, January 1943.


May 6th, 1954

Roger Bannister breaking the four-minute mile barrier in 1954 ● Roger Bannister, who burst through the legendary four-minute barrier to run the mile at Oxford, England on May 6, 1954 in 3:59.4, embraces his competitors Chris Brasher, left, and Chris Chataway, right, after he learned of his new record

Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run the mile in under four minutes.

Wikipedia  Image: Roger Bannister breaking the four-minute mile barrier in 1954 ● Roger Bannister, who burst through the legendary four-minute barrier to run the mile at Oxford, England on May 6, 1954 in 3:59.4, embraces his competitors Chris Brasher, left, and Chris Chataway, right, after he learned of his new record, ● Associated Press.


May 6th, 1966

Moors Murders: Myra Hindley and Ian Brady are sentenced to life imprisonment for the Moors Murders in England

Moors Murders: In England, Myra Hindley and Ian Brady are sentenced to for the Moors Murders.

Wikipedia  Photo: Ian Brady and Myra Hindley, Brady (left) and Hindley, October 1965 ● David and Maureen Smith, pictured around the time of the murders. David Smith's statement to the police led to Brady's arrest.


May 6th, 1976

Global Earthquake epicenters

Earthquake:
1976 - An earthquake strikes the Friuli region of northeastern Italy, causing 989 deaths and the destruction of entire villages.

Wikipedia  Image: Preliminary Determination of Epicenters / Aleppo Syria; Anchorage, Alaska - March 28, 1964 Prince William Sound USA earthquake and tsunami; 8.9 Mega Earthquake Strikes Japan; Tsunami Swirls Japan's Ibaraki Prefecture March 12 2011. credit NOAA / NGDC, NOAA National Geophysical Data Center, USGS, National Geographics.


May 6th, 1994

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and French President François Mitterrand officiate at the opening of the Channel Tunnel on May 6th, 1994

Channel Tunnel: Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and French President François Mitterrand officiate at the opening of the Channel Tunnel.

Wikipedia  Photo: Channel Tunnel: Eurostar train ● The service tunnel is 4.8m in diameter and lies between the two rail tunnels 15m away from each of them ● The only remaining accessible section of the tunnel at Shakespeare Cliff, as the tunnel dips downwards the water eventually comes up to the roof, credit by Nick Catford.


May 6th, 2013

Ariel Castro kidnappings: Three women missing for more than a decade are found alive in the U.S. city of Cleveland, Ohio, while a 52-year-old man, Ariel Castro, is taken into custody

Ariel Castro kidnappings: Three women missing for more than a decade are found alive in the U.S. city of Cleveland, Ohio, while a 52-year-old man, Ariel Castro, is taken into custody.

Wikipedia  Photo: Ariel Castro kidnappings Ariel Castro (1960 – 2013), Amanda Berry, Georgina "Gina" DeJesus and Michelle Knight / August 22, 2002 - May 6, 2013