First Street Confidential

 


THIS DAY IN HISTORY - AUGUST 25th

Friedrich Nietzsche, Quote

“Thus do I counsel you, my friends: distrust all in whom the impulse to punish is powerful!”

~ Friedrich Nietzsche

Wikiquote (Friedrich Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) a German philosopher, poet, composer, cultural critic, and classical philologist. He wrote critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy, and science, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony, and aphorism.)

This Day in History

August 25th, 450

Byzantine Empire Collage Pulcheria becomes empress of the Byzantine Empire after her brother Theodosius II is killed during a hunting accident

Byzantine Empire (East Roman Empire):
450 - Pulcheria becomes empress of the Byzantine Empire after her brother Theodosius II is killed during a hunting accident.

Wikipedia  Image: The Baptism of Constantine painted by Raphael's pupils (1520–1524, fresco, Vatican City, Apostolic Palace); Mural of Saints Cyril and Methodius, 19th century, Troyan Monastery, Bulgaria; Justinian I depicted on one of the famous mosaics of the Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna; The Greek fire was first used by the Byzantine Navy during the Byzantine-Arab Wars (from the Madrid Skylitzes, Biblioteca Nacional de España, Madrid); Alexios I, founder of the Komnenos dynasty.
Theodora, detail of a Byzantine mosaic in Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna.


August 25th, 1758

Seven Years' War: was a world war that took place between 1756 and 1763. It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines. Seven Year's War: Battle of Lagos; Naval battle between Britain and France

Seven Years' War:
1758 - Battle of Zorndorf; Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Russian army.

Wikipedia  Painting: The Death of General Wolfe (1771) by Benjamin West, depicting the Battle of the Plains of Abraham; Battle of Hochkirch; Battle of Minorca of May 20, 1756, shortly after the French landing on Minorca; Siege of Kolberg (1761); Leibgarde battalion at Kolin, 1757; Battle of Zorndorf in August 1758 where Russian and Prussian armies suffered heavy casualties and both claimed a victory. Battle of Lagos, by Théodore Gudin.


August 25th, 1768

James Cook: portrait by Nathaniel Dance-Holland, c. 1775, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich; British explorer James Cook's ship was named the HMS Endeavour; Captain James Cook, Sir Joseph Banks, Lord Sandwich, Dr Daniel Solander and Dr John Hawkesworth, credit National Library of Australia (NLA) digital collections; Captain James Cook (1728-1779) is shown meeting Nootka leader Muquinna (died 1798) at Nootka Sound on what is now Vancouver Island, in 1778, during his explorations of Canada’s northwest coast, credit Canadian Military History

James Cook begins his first voyage.

Wikipedia  Painting: James Cook, portrait by Nathaniel Dance-Holland, c. 1775, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich; British explorer James Cook's ship was named the HMS Endeavour; Captain James Cook, Sir Joseph Banks, Lord Sandwich, Dr Daniel Solander and Dr John Hawkesworth, credit National Library of Australia (NLA) digital collections; Captain James Cook (1728-1779) is shown meeting Nootka leader Muquinna (died 1798) at Nootka Sound on what is now Vancouver Island, in 1778, during his explorations of Canada’s northwest coast, credit Canadian Military History.


August 25th, 1875

Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim across the English Channel, traveling from Dover, England to Calais, France in 22 hours

Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim across the English Channel, traveling from Dover, England to Calais, France in 22 hours.

Wikipedia  Photo: Portrait of Captain Matthew Webb Matthew - Separating the Northern France and Southern England lies the English Channel also joining the North Sea to the Atlantic


August 25th, 1939

United Kingdom and Poland form a military alliance in which the UK promises to defend Poland in case of invasion by a foreign power

United Kingdom and Poland form a military alliance in which the UK promises to defend Poland in case of invasion by a foreign power.

Wikipedia  Photo: United Kingdom and Poland form a military alliance


August 25th, 1942

World War II: Second firestorm raid on Germany, the Royal Air Force conducts an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless World War II: Battle of Leyte Gulf; Battle of Leyte Gulf; The first kamikaze attack: A Japanese plane carrying a 200-kilogram (440 lb) bomb attacks HMAS Australia off Leyte Island World War II: German V1 flying-bomb and V2 Rockets - Preparations for a Salvo Launch of V-2 Rockets in the Heidelager near Blizna (Poland) (1944) World War II: Eastern Front (World War II); was a theatre of World War II between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland, and some other Allies which encompassed Northern, Southern and Eastern Europe from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945 World War II: Liberation of Paris; Paris rises against German occupation with the help of Allied troops

World War II:
1942 - Battle of Milne Bay; Papua New Guinea.
1942 - Second day of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons; Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned-back by an Allied air attack, losing one destroyer and one transport sunk, and one light cruiser heavily damaged.
1944 - Allied troops liberate Paris.

Wikipedia  Photo: Bombing of Dresden in World War II; August Schreitmüller's sculpture 'Goodness' surveys Dresden after a firestorm started by Allied bombers in 1945. USS Bunker Hill was hit by kamikazes piloted by Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa and another airman on 11 May 1945. 389 personnel were killed or missing from a crew of 2,600; Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, who flew his aircraft into the USS Bunker Hill during a Kamikaze mission on 11 May 1945; Kamikaze Missions - Lt Yoshinori Yamaguchi's Yokosuka D4Y3 (Type 33 Suisei) "Judy" in a suicide dive against USS Essex. The dive brakes are extended and the non-self-sealing port wing tank is trailing fuel vapor and/or smoke 25 November 1944.
German V1 flying-bomb and V2 Rockets - Preparations for a Salvo Launch of V-2 Rockets in the Heidelager near Blizna (Poland) (1944), credit German History in Documents and Images GHDI.

Eastern Front (World War II); Germans race towards Stalingrad. August 1942; Soviet children during a German air raid in the first days of the war, June 1941, by RIA Novosti archive; Soviet sniper Roza Shanina in 1944. About 400,000 Soviet women served in front-line duty units Caucasus Mountains, winter 1942/43; Finnish ski patrol: the invisible enemy of the Soviet Army with an unlimited supply of skis; Men of the German Engineers Corps cross a river which is swollen after the first autumn rains, to strengthen bridges linking the German positions on the central front in Russia. by Keystone / Getty Images. October 1942; Russian snipers fighting on the Leningrad front during a blizzard. Photo by Hulton Archive / Getty Images, 1943; German soldiers surrendering to the Russians in Stalingrad, the soldier holding the white flag of surrender is dressed in white so that there could be no doubt of his intentions, a Russian soldier is on the right of the photograph. by Keystone / Getty Images, January 1943. Liberation of Paris; Parisians line the Champs Élysées as French 2e DB tanks and half tracks pass before the Arc de Triomphe on 26 August.


August 25th, 1981

Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Saturn

Voyager 2 spacecraft:
1981 - Makes its closest approach to Saturn.
1989 - Makes its closest approach to Neptune, the outermost planet in the Solar System.

Wikipedia  Photo: Voyager 2 Launch, sending back tens of thousands of images. NASA


August 25th, 1991

Linus Torvalds announces the first version of what will become Linux

Linus Torvalds announces the first version of what will become Linux.

Wikipedia  Photo: Linux - free and open source software


August 25th, 1997

Egon Krenz, the former East German leader, is convicted of a shoot-to-kill policy at the Berlin Wall

Egon Krenz, the former East German leader, is convicted of a shoot-to-kill policy at the Berlin Wall.

Wikipedia  Photo: Former East German head of state and party leader, Egon Krenz was released from prison on December 18, 2003, after serving just 4 years for involvement in state shootings.


August 25th, 2012

Voyager 1 spacecraft enters interstellar space becoming the first man-made object to do so

Voyager 1 spacecraft enters interstellar space becoming the first man-made object to do so.

Wikipedia  Image: Artist's concept NASA's Voyager spacecraft two NASA's Voyager spacecraft are traveling farther and farther away from Earth, on a journey to interstellar space, and will eventually circle around the center of the Milky Way galaxy. (NASA)