First Street Confidential

 


THIS DAY IN HISTORY - SEPTEMBER 27th

Boris Yeltsin, Quote

“You can build a throne with bayonets, but you can't sit on it for long.”

~ Boris Yeltsin

Wikiquote (Boris Yeltsin (Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (Russian: Бори́с Никола́евич Е́льцин; February 1, 1931 – April 23, 2007) a Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.)

This Day in History

September 27th, 1331

Lithuania (Republic of Lithuania) is a country in Northern Europe, the largest of the three Baltic states

1331 - Battle of Płowce: Between Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order (An estimated over 4,000 men (combined) were said to have fallen on the field of the battle.)
1442 - After the brief Gollub War the Teutonic Knights sign the Treaty of Melno with the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

Wikipedia  Image: Lithuania (Republic of Lithuania) is a country in Northern Europe, the largest of the three Baltic states. ● Trakai Island Castle Photo: ● Hill of Crosses (more than 50,000 crosses, not a cemetery) ● VilniusBattle of Grunwald and Vytautas the Great in the centre.


September 27th, 1905

Albert Einstein Collage: (March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, effecting a revolution in physics

The physics journal Annalen der Physik received Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc².

Wikipedia  Picture: Albert Einstein Nobel Prize in Physics; Einstein at the age of three in 1882; The mathematician, physicist 1947; Einstein's theory of special relativity; Albert and Elsa Einstein in 1933; Conrad Habicht, Olympia Academy founders, Maurice Solovine and Einstein.


September 27th, 1928

Republic of China is recognised by the United States

Republic of China is recognised by the United States.

Wikipedia  Photo: Taipei; Taiwan tectonic area between the Yangtze plate; Taiwan Taroko National park


September 27th, 1930

Bobby Jones wins the U.S. Amateur Championship to complete the Grand Slam of golf. The old structure of the grand slam was the U.S. Open, British Open, U.S. Amateur, and British Amateur

Bobby Jones wins the U.S. Amateur Championship to complete the Grand Slam of golf. The old structure of the grand slam was the U.S. Open, British Open, U.S. Amateur and British Amateur.

Wikipedia  Painting: Bobby Jones; A portrait of golf legend Bobby Jones is being dedicated on Friday, April 2, at the Forest Hills Golf Club, the course where Jones began his 1930 campaign for a Grand Slam with a victory in the Southeastern Open. ● The painting, credit Louise Gillis Galleries.


September 27th, 1938

Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched in Glasgow

Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched in Glasgow, Scotland.

Wikipedia  Photo: RMS Queen Elizabeth at Cherbourg, France (Queen Elizabeth, the largest passenger liner ever built at that time and for fifty-six years thereafter. She first entered service in February 1940 as a troopship in World War II)


September 27th, 1942

World War II: Second firestorm raid on Germany, the Royal Air Force conducts an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless World War II: Battle of Leyte Gulf; Battle of Leyte Gulf; The first kamikaze attack: A Japanese plane carrying a 200-kilogram (440 lb) bomb attacks HMAS Australia off Leyte Island World War II: German V1 flying-bomb and V2 Rockets - Preparations for a Salvo Launch of V-2 Rockets in the Heidelager near Blizna (Poland) (1944) World War II: Eastern Front (World War II); was a theatre of World War II between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland, and some other Allies which encompassed Northern, Southern and Eastern Europe from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945

World War II:
1942 - Matanikau action; on Guadalcanal, U.S. Marines troops barely escape after being surrounded by Japanese forces near the Matanikau River.
1944 - Kassel Mission results in the largest loss by a United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) group on any mission in World War II.

Wikipedia  Photo: Bombing of Dresden in World War II; August Schreitmüller's sculpture 'Goodness' surveys Dresden after a firestorm started by Allied bombers in 1945. USS Bunker Hill was hit by kamikazes piloted by Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa and another airman on 11 May 1945. 389 personnel were killed or missing from a crew of 2,600; Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, who flew his aircraft into the USS Bunker Hill during a Kamikaze mission on 11 May 1945; Kamikaze Missions - Lt Yoshinori Yamaguchi's Yokosuka D4Y3 (Type 33 Suisei) "Judy" in a suicide dive against USS Essex. The dive brakes are extended and the non-self-sealing port wing tank is trailing fuel vapor and/or smoke 25 November 1944.
German V1 flying-bomb and V2 Rockets - Preparations for a Salvo Launch of V-2 Rockets in the Heidelager near Blizna (Poland) (1944), credit German History in Documents and Images GHDI.

Eastern Front (World War II); Germans race towards Stalingrad. August 1942; Soviet children during a German air raid in the first days of the war, June 1941, by RIA Novosti archive; Soviet sniper Roza Shanina in 1944. About 400,000 Soviet women served in front-line duty units Caucasus Mountains, winter 1942/43; Finnish ski patrol: the invisible enemy of the Soviet Army with an unlimited supply of skis; Men of the German Engineers Corps cross a river which is swollen after the first autumn rains, to strengthen bridges linking the German positions on the central front in Russia. by Keystone / Getty Images. October 1942; Russian snipers fighting on the Leningrad front during a blizzard. Photo by Hulton Archive / Getty Images, 1943; German soldiers surrendering to the Russians in Stalingrad, the soldier holding the white flag of surrender is dressed in white so that there could be no doubt of his intentions, a Russian soldier is on the right of the photograph. by Keystone / Getty Images, January 1943.


September 27th, 1954

The nationwide debut of Tonight! (The Tonight Show) hosted by Steve Allen on NBC

NBC: The nationwide debut of Tonight! (The Tonight Show) hosted by Steve Allen.

Wikipedia  Photo: Tonight! The Tonight Show hosted by Steve Allen 1954 to 1957. credit Hulton Archives / Getty Images


September 27th, 1956

USAF Captain Milburn G. Apt becomes the first man to exceed Mach 3 while flying the Bell X-2.

United States Air Force Captain Milburn G. Apt becomes the first man to exceed Mach 3 while flying the Bell X-2. Shortly thereafter, the craft goes out of control and Captain Apt is killed.

Wikipedia  Photo: Bell X-2 ● X-2, crew, and support equipment


September 27th, 1959

September Typhoon

Typhoon:
1959 - Typhoon Vera, the strongest typhoon to hit Japan in recorded history, makes landfall, killing 4,580 people and leaving nearly 1.6 million others homeless.

Wikipedia  Photo: Typhoon Ketsana. NASA Earth Observatory.


September 27th, 1996

Middle East Regional Map, credit eMapStore; An Afghan woman begs for alms, as a man rides past, with a backdrop of the Darul Aman's palace which was destroyed during the civil war of 1992 in the city of Kabul, Afghanistan, on March 23, 2008, credit AP / Rahmat Gul; Mazar-e Sharif's blue-tiled Hazrat Ali mosque draws Muslim faithful, tourists, and hungry pigeons, credit Robert Stahl / Getty Images; Afghanistan poppy fields (opium poppy cultivation); An Afghan boy works in an opium poppy field in Musa Qala in Helmand province (poppy production has skyrocketed since 2001), credit  Omar Sobhani, Reuters; Eastern Afghanistan, Band-e Amir; Afghanistan Sunset

In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.

Wikipedia  Image: Middle East Regional Map, credit eMapStore; An Afghan woman begs for alms, as a man rides past, with a backdrop of the Darul Aman's palace which was destroyed during the civil war of 1992 in the city of Kabul, Afghanistan, on March 23, 2008, credit AP / Rahmat Gul; Mazar-e Sharif's blue-tiled Hazrat Ali mosque draws Muslim faithful, tourists, and hungry pigeons, credit Robert Stahl / Getty Images; Afghanistan poppy fields (opium poppy cultivation); An Afghan boy works in an opium poppy field in Musa Qala in Helmand province (poppy production has skyrocketed since 2001), credit Omar Sobhani, Reuters; Eastern Afghanistan, Band-e Amir; Afghanistan Sunset.


September 27th, 1998

Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University

Google internet search engine retrospectively claims this as its birthday.

Wikipedia  Image: Google Images


September 27th, 2001

Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University

Zug massacre: In Zug, Switzerland, Friedrich Leibacher shoots 18 citizens, killing 14 and then kills himself.

Wikipedia  Photo: The city of Zug, in canton Zug (Alessandro Della Bella, Keystone)


September 27th, 2007

Deep Impact comet strike, artwork, credit Gil Babin / Eurelious / Science Photo Library; NASA's former Deep Impact comet-bomber space probe; A Delta II rocket launches from Cape Canaveral carrying the Dawn spacecraft

NASA launches the Dawn probe.

Wikipedia  Image: Deep Impact comet strike, artwork, credit Gil Babin / Eurelious / Science Photo Library; NASA's former Deep Impact comet-bomber space probe; A Delta II rocket launches from Cape Canaveral carrying the Dawn spacecraft.