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First Street Confidential

 


THIS DAY IN HISTORY - NOVEMBER 11th

Kurt Vonnegut, Quote

“All the people of all the nations which had fought in the First World War were silent during the eleventh minute of the eleventh hour of Armistice Day, which was the eleventh day of the eleventh month. It was during that minute in nineteen hundred and eighteen, that millions upon millions of human beings stopped butchering one another. I have talked to old men who were on battlefields during that minute. They have told me in one way or another that the sudden silence was the Voice of God. So we still have among us some men who can remember when God spoke clearly to mankind.”

~ Kurt Vonnegut

Wikiquote (Kurt Vonnegut (November 11, 1922 – April 11, 2007) an American writer. His works such as Cat's Cradle (1963), Slaughterhouse-Five (1969), and Breakfast of Champions (1973) blend satire, gallows humor, and science fiction.)

This Day in History

November 11th, 308

Roman Empire Decline and Fall of Rome

Roman Empire:
308 - At Carnuntum Emperor emeritus Diocletian confers with Galerius, Augustus of the East, and Maximianus, the recently returned former Augustus of the West, in an attempt to restore order to the Roman Empire.

Wikipedia  Image: Relief from a 3rd-century sarcophagus depicting a battle between Romans and Germanic warriors; the central figure is perhaps the emperor Hostilian / Depiction of the Menorah on the Arch of Titus in Rome.


November 11th, 1620

Mayflower Collage: departs from Southampton, England on its travel to North America

Mayflower Compact is signed in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

Wikipedia  Painting: "Mayflower", The Granger Collection, New York 1905; Pilgrims landing on Cape Cod in November of 1620; The Pilgrims on the Speedwell; Mayflower arrived inside the tip of Cape Cod fishhook, November 1620 (satellite image, 1997); Landing of the Pilgrims by Michele Felice Cornè, circa 1805. Displayed in the White House.


November 11th, 1724

Second Anglo-Dutch War: As provided in the Treaty of Westminster, Netherlands cedes New Netherlands to England

Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.

Wikipedia  Painting: A Lion Attacking a Horse, oil on canvas, 1770, by Stubbs. Yale University Art Gallery.
Depection: Lion (A tyrant; An unjust ruler; Death; Healing from a sickness; Receiving an inheritance) A lioness in a dream represents ignorance, pride, affectation and perfidy. Horse has a distressed expression on it's face, while it's body is tensed up in pain, showing a detailed structure on the horses body.


November 11th, 1750

The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, is formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia - it is the first college fraternity

Flat Hat Club (F.H.C. Society):, is formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia - it is the first college fraternity.

Wikipedia  Photo: The Flat Hat, credit Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, Special Collections Research Center Earl Gregg Swem Library


November 11th, 1778

American Revolutionary War Collage American Revolutionary War, Grand Union - Stars and Stripes Flag

American Revolutionary War:
1778 - Cherry Valley Massacre; Loyalists and Seneca Indian forces attack a fort and village in eastern New York, killing more than forty civilians and soldiers.

Wikipedia  Paintings: Washington Crossing the Delaware, by Emanuel Leutz; Battle of the Chesapeake, French (left) and British (right) lines; Battle of Bunker Hill, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker Hill by John Trumbull; The Defeat of the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar, September 13, 1782, by John Singleton Copley; Washington and the Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown, 1781; "The surrender at Saratoga" shows General Daniel Morgan in front of a French de Vallière 4-pounder; Surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown by (John Trumbull, 1797).
Grand Union - Stars and Stripes Flag


November 11th, 1805

Napoleonic Wars: (1803–15) were a series of wars declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition; Napoleon invades Austria

French Revolutionary Wars / Napoleonic Wars:
1805 - War of the Third Coalition; Battle of Dürenstein - 8,000 French troops attempt to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.

Wikipedia  Painting: Battle of Trafalgar: The British HMS Sandwich fires to the French flagship Bucentaure (completely dismasted) in the battle of Trafalgar; Napoleon in Berlin (Meynier). After defeating Prussian forces at Jena, the French Army entered Berlin on 27 October 1806; Battle of the Bridge of Arcole Napoleon Bonaparte leading his troops over the bridge of Arcole, by Horace Vernet; Napoleon as King of Italy (Appiani); Napoleon Crossing the Alps (David). In 1800 Bonaparte took the French Army across the Alps, eventually defeating the Austrians at Marengo; Charge of the Russian Imperial Guard cavalry against French cuirassiers at the Battle of Friedland, 14 June 1807; Battle of Borodino as depicted by Louis Lejeune. The battle was the largest and bloodiest single-day action of the Napoleonic Wars; Napoleon's withdrawal from Russia, a painting by Adolph Northen; Wellington at Waterloo by Robert Alexander Hillingford; Napoleon is often represented in his green colonel uniform of the Chasseur à Cheval, with a large bicorne and a hand-in-waistcoat gesture.
Napoléon at the Battle of Austerlitz; by François Pascal Simon, Baron Gérard.


November 11th, 1813

War of 1812 collage

War of 1812:
1813 - Battle of Crysler's Farm; British and Canadian forces defeat a larger American force, causing the Americans to abandon their Saint Lawrence campaign.

Wikipedia  Painting: Damage to the US Capitol after the Burning of Washington; HMS Shannon leading the captured American frigate USS Chesapeake into Halifax, Nova Scotia (1813); USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere; the death of Tecumseh at Moraviantown; Oliver Hazard Perry's message to William Henry Harrison after the Battle of Lake Erie began with what would become one of the most famous sentences in American military history: "We have met the enemy and they are ours; "Andrew Jackson leads the defence of New Orleans; The mortally wounded Isaac Brock spurs troops on at the Queenston Heights.


November 11th, 1831

Southampton County, Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner, American slave leader, is tried, convicted, and sentenced to death in Virginia

Southampton County, Virginia: escaped slave Nat Turner, American slave leader, is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising in Virginia.

Wikipedia  Painting: Nat Turner's slave rebellion, credit Aaheritageva.org (African American Historic Sites Database), Maryland State Archives.


November 11th, 1864

Lincoln Memorial: an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln - located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. across from the Washington Monument American Civil War: Battle of Antietam; Stone Bridge at Antietam Battlefield - Sharpsburg, Maryland American Civil War: American Civil War: First Battle Between Ironclads; CSS Virginia/Merrimac (left) vs. USS Monitor, in 1862 at the Battle of Hampton Roads

American Civil War:
1864 - Sherman's March to the Sea; Union General William Tecumseh Sherman begins burning Atlanta, Georgia to the ground in preparation for his march south.

Wikipedia  Image: ● Lincoln Memorial; an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln - located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. across from the Washington Monument.
● The northern army led by George McClellan and the southern army led by Robert E. Lee met at Antietam Creek, Maryland in September, 1862. It was a bloody battle where 13,000 Confederates and 12,000 Union troops died in just one day. McClellan had hesitated to attack before the battle thus letting the southern troops regroup. Also, he had saved reserves and refused to use them at the end of the battle thinking that Lee was holding reserves for a counterattack, even though those reserves didn't exist. The Union victory stopped Lee's northward advance and was a turning point in the war.
Battle of Antietam / Stone Bridge at Antietam Battlefield - Sharpsburg, Maryland
● First Battle Between Ironclads: CSS Virginia/Merrimac (left) vs. USS Monitor, in 1862 at the Battle of Hampton Roads.
Although photography was still in its infancy, war correspondents produced thousands of images, bringing the harsh realities of the frontlines to those on the home front in a new and visceral way. The Atlantic.


November 11th, 1889

The State of Washington is admitted as the 42nd State of the United States

Washington state is admitted as the 42nd State of the United States.

Wikipedia  Photo: Seattle Skyline, Washington; Olympic Mountains Olympic National Park; Olympic National Park by Melissa Farlow; The Cascade Loop, Washington State's Scenic Loop Highway; Washington State's Mount St. Helens, by USGS. credit National Geographic.


November 11th, 1911

Many cities in the Midwestern United States break their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through

The Great Blue Norther of 11/11/11: many cities in the Midwestern United States break their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through.

Wikipedia  Image: A cold front over the eastern and central region of the United States of America. credit NOAA, Poetryfoundation.org


November 11th, 1918

World War I: Collage World War I: Armistice Collage

World War I:
1918 - Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car in the forest of Compiègne, France. The fighting officially ends at 11:00 a.m., (the eleventh hour in the eleventh month on the eleventh day) and this is annually honoured with a two-minute silence. The war officially ends on the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28th June, 1919.
Post World War I:
1918 - Józef Piłsudski assumes supreme military power in Poland - symbolic first day of Polish independence.
1918 - Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquishes power.
1919 - Veterans Day; coincides with other holidays Armistice Day and Remembrance Day, which are celebrated in other parts of the world and also mark the anniversary of the end of World War I.
1919 - Centralia Massacre (Washington); in Centralia, Washington deaths of four members of the American Legion and the lynching of a local leader of the Industrial Workers of the World.
1919 - Latvian War of Independence; Latvian forces defeat the Freikorps at Riga.

Wikipedia  Photo: Trenches on the Western Front; a British Mark IV Tank crossing a trench; Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the Battle of the Dardanelles; a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks, and German Albatros D.III biplanes. National Archives and Records Administration.
The allied representatives at the signing of the armistice. Ferdinand Foch, second from right, seen outside his railway carriage in the forest of Compiègne; Celebrations in London on November 11, 1918: But many battle-scarred soldiers found the concept of peace bewildering; Armistice Day 1918: Crowds in London's Tralfalgar Square celebrating the end of the first world war; End of WW1: Soldiers Celebrating WW1 Armistice, LIFE.


November 11th, 1926

U.S. Route 66 is established on November 11th, 1926 and closed on June 27th, 1985.

U.S. Route 66 is established.

Wikipedia  Image: U.S. Route 66 U.S. Route 66 is established on November 11th, 1926 and closed on June 27th, 1985. credit Wallcoo.com


November 11th, 1930

Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator

Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator

Wikipedia  Photo: Albert Einstein was encouraged by his colleague Leo Szilard to pen a letter to President Roosevelt warning of the dangers of a possible German atomic bomb. (Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd invented a refrigerator that runs on heat, had no moving parts.) credit Time & Life Pictures / Getty Image


November 11th, 1940

World War II: Second firestorm raid on Germany, the Royal Air Force conducts an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless World War II: Battle of Leyte Gulf; Battle of Leyte Gulf; The first kamikaze attack: A Japanese plane carrying a 200-kilogram (440 lb) bomb attacks HMAS Australia off Leyte Island

World War II:
1940 - Battle of Taranto; the Royal Navy launches the first aircraft carrier in history, on the Italian fleet at Taranto.
1940 - Armistice Day Blizzard; an unexpected blizzard kills 144 in the Midwestern United States.
1942 - Nazi Germany completes its occupation of France.
1942 - Second Battle of El Alamein; is won by the British in El Alamein, Egypt.
1944 - Dr. jur. Erich Göstl, a member of the Waffen SS, is presented with the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, to recognise extreme battlefield bravery, after losing his face and eyes during the Battle of Normandy.

Wikipedia  Photo: Bombing of Dresden in World War II; August Schreitmüller's sculpture 'Goodness' surveys Dresden after a firestorm started by Allied bombers in 1945.
USS Bunker Hill was hit by kamikazes piloted by Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa and another airman on 11 May 1945. 389 personnel were killed or missing from a crew of 2,600; Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, who flew his aircraft into the USS Bunker Hill during a Kamikaze mission on 11 May 1945; Kamikaze Missions - Lt Yoshinori Yamaguchi's Yokosuka D4Y3 (Type 33 Suisei) "Judy" in a suicide dive against USS Essex. The dive brakes are extended and the non-self-sealing port wing tank is trailing fuel vapor and/or smoke 25 November 1944.


November 11th, 1967

Vietnam War: Hovering U.S. Army helicopters</a> pour machine gun fire into a tree line to cover the advance of South Vietnamese ground troops in an attack on a Viet Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, northwest of Saigon near the Cambodian border, in Vietnam on March 1965

Vietnam War:
1967 - In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to "new left" antiwar activist Tom Hayden.
1968 - Operation Commando Hunt; initiated. The goal is to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh Trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.
1972 - Vietnamization; the United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.

Wikipedia  Photo: Vietnam War: Hovering U.S. Army helicopters pour machine gun fire into a tree line to cover the advance of South Vietnamese ground troops in an attack on a Viet Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, northwest of Saigon near the Cambodian border, in Vietnam on March 1965. (AP Photo / Horst Faas) / Boston Globe