First Street Confidential

 


THIS DAY IN HISTORY - DECEMBER 1st

Winston Churchill, Quote

“For myself, I am an optimist — it does not seem to be much use being anything else.”

Wikiquote (Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, DL, FRS, Hon. RA (November 30, 1874 – January 24, 1965) was a British politician, best known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. Widely regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the 20th century, he served as Prime Minister twice (1940–45 and 1951–55).)

Never was so much owed by so many to so few - Winston Churchill Speeches, Youtube video

This Day in History

December 1st, 800

Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks; Statue équestre de Charlemagne, par Agostino Cornacchini (1725) - Basilique Saint-Pierre du Vatican, Italie

Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

Wikipedia  Painting: The coronation of Charlemagne / Carloman I - Charlemagne, Kings of The Franks; Statue équestre de Charlemagne, par Agostino Cornacchini (1725) - Basilique Saint-Pierre du Vatican, Italie..


December 1st, 1420

Henry V becomes King of England

Henry V of England enters Paris.

Wikipedia  Image: Henry V featured in three plays by William Shakespeare. He is shown as a young scapegrace who redeems himself in battle in the two Henry IV plays and as a decisive leader in Henry V.


December 1st, 1824

United States presidential election, 1824

United States presidential election, 1824: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Wikipedia  Paintings: United States presidential election, 1824: John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford and Henry Clay; Adams served as the sixth President of the United States from March 4, 1825, to March 4, 1829.


December 1st, 1862

Lincoln Memorial: an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln - located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. across from the Washington Monument American Civil War: Battle of Antietam; Stone Bridge at Antietam Battlefield - Sharpsburg, Maryland American Civil War, Battle of Mobile Bay: at Mobile Bay near Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports

American Civil War:
1962 - In his State of the Union Address United States President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.

Wikipedia  Image: ● Lincoln Memorial; an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln - located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. across from the Washington Monument.
● The northern army led by George McClellan and the southern army led by Robert E. Lee met at Antietam Creek, Maryland in September, 1862. It was a bloody battle where 13,000 Confederates and 12,000 Union troops died in just one day. McClellan had hesitated to attack before the battle thus letting the southern troops regroup. Also, he had saved reserves and refused to use them at the end of the battle thinking that Lee was holding reserves for a counterattack, even though those reserves didn't exist. The Union victory stopped Lee's northward advance and was a turning point in the war.
Battle of Antietam / Stone Bridge at Antietam Battlefield - Sharpsburg, Maryland
Battle of Mobile Bay (1890) by Xanthus Russell Smith.
Although photography was still in its infancy, war correspondents produced thousands of images, bringing the harsh realities of the frontlines to those on the home front in a new and visceral way. The Atlantic.


December 1st, 1885

First serving of the soft drink Dr Pepper at a drug store in Waco, Texas

First serving of the soft drink Dr Pepper at a drug store in Waco, Texas.

Wikipedia  Photo: Dublin Dr Pepper, credit Charrie Shockey, Fine Art Print.


December 1st, 1913

Greece satellite image, credit NASA

Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the First Balkan War, is annexed by Greece.

Wikipedia  Image: Greece satellite image, credit NASA.


December 1st, 1918

UNESCO list of heritage sites Romania

Kingdom of Romania
1918 - Great Union: Transylvania unites with Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28).

Wikipedia  Photo: UNESCO list of heritage sites Romania; ● Peles Castle, Sinaia, Romania ● Bran Castle - "Dracula's Castle", in the Transylvanian Alps, credit National Geographic ● Bucharest, capital of Romania called " the Paris of the Balkans" coping Parisian street systems and buildings in the 1920's, constructing Romanian Arch of Triumph.


December 1st, 1918

Kingdom of Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom

Kingdom of Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom.

Wikipedia  Image: Iceland satellite image, credit NASA; A glacial torrent pours over a 40-foot-high ledge at Gođafoss, "waterfall of the gods." - Litlanesfoss, the waterfall cross-sections an ancient lava flow, credit Orsolya and Erlend Haarberg, National Geographic, May 2012; Horses are herded away from the Eyjafjallajökull volcano's ash plume on April 17, 2010, credit Rakel Osk Sigurda, NordicPhotos, Getty Images; Reykjavik, credit Getty Images.


December 1st, 1918

Kingdom of Yugoslavia: (Serbo-Croatian: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија) was a state stretching from the Western Balkans to Central Europe which existed during the often-tumultuous interwar era of 1918–1941

Kingdom of Yugoslavia: is proclaimed uniting the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

Wikipedia  Map: Kingdom of Yugoslavia; Belgrade, Yugoslavia; A twilight moon rises above the Kamniske mountains and Slovenia’s Sava River Valley, Slovenia, credit National Geographic; Yugoslavia, November 1977, credit National Geographic.


December 1st, 1941

World War II: Second firestorm raid on Germany, the Royal Air Force conducts an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless World War II: Battle of Leyte Gulf; Battle of Leyte Gulf; The first kamikaze attack: A Japanese plane carrying a 200-kilogram (440 lb) bomb attacks HMAS Australia off Leyte Island World War II: German V1 flying-bomb and V2 Rockets - Preparations for a Salvo Launch of V-2 Rockets in the Heidelager near Blizna (Poland) (1944)

World War II:
1941 - Emperor Hirohito of Japan gave the final approval to initiate war against the United States.
1941 - Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol.

Wikipedia  Photo: Bombing of Dresden in World War II; August Schreitmüller's sculpture 'Goodness' surveys Dresden after a firestorm started by Allied bombers in 1945.
USS Bunker Hill was hit by kamikazes piloted by Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa and another airman on 11 May 1945. 389 personnel were killed or missing from a crew of 2,600; Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, who flew his aircraft into the USS Bunker Hill during a Kamikaze mission on 11 May 1945; Kamikaze Missions - Lt Yoshinori Yamaguchi's Yokosuka D4Y3 (Type 33 Suisei) "Judy" in a suicide dive against USS Essex. The dive brakes are extended and the non-self-sealing port wing tank is trailing fuel vapor and/or smoke 25 November 1944.
German V1 flying-bomb and V2 Rockets - Preparations for a Salvo Launch of V-2 Rockets in the Heidelager near Blizna (Poland) (1944), credit German History in Documents and Images GHDI.


December 1st, 1958

Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago, Illinois, kills 92 children and three nuns

Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago, Illinois, kills 92 children and three nuns.

Wikipedia  Photo: Sister of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary bid farewell to three of their own, courtesy of the Archdiocese of Chicago Archives & Records Center.


December 1st, 1959

Cold War: often dated from 1947–1991, was a sustained state of political and military tension between the powers of the Western world, led by the United States and its NATO allies, and the communist world, led by the Soviet Union, its satellite states and allies

Post Cold War:
1959 - Opening date for signature of the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent.
1989 - East Germany's parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the communist party the leading role in the state.

Wikipedia  Photo: Lockheed C-130 Hercules; RAF Menwith Hill, a large site in the United Kingdom, part of ECHELON and the UKUSA Agreement; New Zealand nuclear test, British nuclear tests near the Malden and Christmas Islands in the mid-Pacific in 1957 and 1958; Nevada nuclear tests, Nevada Division of Environmental Protection Bureau of Federal Facilities.


December 1st, 1960

Beatles - Paul McCartney, John lennon, Pete Best, and George Harrison

Paul McCartney and Pete Best are arrested then deported from Hamburg, Germany, after accusations of attempted arson.

Wikipedia  Photo: Beatles - Left to right: Paul McCartney, John lennon, Pete Best, and George Harrison.


December 1st, 1964

Vietnam War: Hovering U.S. Army helicopters</a> pour machine gun fire into a tree line to cover the advance of South Vietnamese ground troops in an attack on a Viet Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, northwest of Saigon near the Cambodian border, in Vietnam on March 1965

Vietnam War:
1964 - United States President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.
1969 - The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.
1971 - Cambodian Civil War; Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on the Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.

Wikipedia  Photo: Vietnam War: Hovering U.S. Army helicopters pour machine gun fire into a tree line to cover the advance of South Vietnamese ground troops in an attack on a Viet Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, northwest of Saigon near the Cambodian border, in Vietnam on March 1965. (AP Photo / Horst Faas) / Boston Globe


December 1st, 1981

AIDS virus is officially recognized

AIDS virus is officially recognized.

Wikipedia  Photo: AIDS information - prevention.


December 1st, 1984

NASA conducts the Controlled Impact Demonstration, wherein an airliner was deliberately crashed in order to test technologies and gather data to help improve survivability of airplane crashes

NASA conducts the Controlled Impact Demonstration, wherein an airliner was deliberately crashed in order to test technologies and gather data to help improve survivability of airplane crashes.

Wikipedia  Photo: Controlled Impact Demonstration; (left to right) - Practice approach, Slapdown, Pre-impact, Post-impact 1, Post-impact 2, Post-impact 3.